With the beginning in 1939 of the Second World War in the major cities of Britain there was a threat of bombing. Millions of British people were quickly relocated to safe places during the evacuation of cities and settlements. Most of the settlers were occupied by children, often divorced from their parents. They were sent to safe areas or abroad. Owners of mobile homes during evacuation had an undoubted advantage. They could quickly get together and go with their home to safe areas.
Caravans, prior to the outbreak of war, associated with a summer camp hut for weekends and holidays, became "temporary-permanent" housing for many families. After all, at the beginning of the war, no one knew how long they would have to live "on wheels" now. Motorhomes made it possible for families to stay together and quickly leave the danger zones. The advantage of owning campers during evacuation was soon noticed by those who had not used such a mode of transport and recreation before. In the most difficult times, the demand for caravans was very large. Desperate at the start of the war, manufacturers and dealers sold the caravans with big discounts. but after a few months, everyone was talking about the profitable purchase of a caravan in such a not so calm atmosphere. Campgrounds also benefited from the sudden popularity of caravanning and received the national status of "saving haven" for residents who came under the bombardment of cities. In the following years of the continuation of the war, the caravanier clubs create a strong community of like-minded people and help beginners. Even experienced caravaners were tough on their own, and fraternal shoulder and the help of team-mates were vital. Printed club magazines, which told how to properly operate a mobile home in wartime, how it was toned, so that the light inside the camper could not be seen from the air, how to disguise the caravans, so as not to attract too much enemy attention. It was especially difficult for caravaners to be in winter. At that time there were still no technologies that are commonplace in our time. Dacha trailers were a chassis with a light, not warmed body and were intended for use only in warm weather. Caravaners developed and implemented the technology of wall insulation and the installation of furnaces inside their campers. It was vital to get rid of low temperature and condensate inside the caravan. Condensation was the cause of damp mattresses, linen, mold in the closets and on clothes and, as a result, the development of diseases. Not only the interior was modified, but also the exterior. At this time, the first tent tents and marquises were invented, which serve as an additional living space for caravaners.
Since the beginning of the war in 1939, many restrictions have been introduced that prevent the full use of caravans. Fuel was in short supply and some desperate caravaners converted their motorhomes to horse traction. In the summer of 1940, it was forbidden to camp on a ten-mile zone from the entire east coast of Britain, as a particularly dangerous part of the bombing. While the whole cities fell, the demand for caravans only grew. Many caravans provided shelter for the duration of the war.
At the end of the Second World War, who could, returned to their homes. Those whose houses were destroyed, continued to live in their caravans for years. In difficult and dangerous times, caravans became a real salvation for many British families. The fact that residents could lead a mobile lifestyle allowed them to quickly leave dangerous places along with all their belongings. Which helped many to survive.
In conclusion, I would like to wish all present and future caravans a peaceful sky over their heads. After all, it is much more pleasantly serene, lying in a hammock, to observe white clouds in a clear sky, and not falling bombs.